|SocialismToday Socialist Party magazine|
Issue 205 February 2017
US workers need an independent party
As Donald Trump moves into the White House, a huge debate is opening up among workers and youth in the US about how to defeat him and fight for genuinely progressive politics. Packed meetings of hundreds of people, including many organised by Socialist Alternative, are being held around the country.
One common idea is that we must combine the building of a movement against Trump with a determined effort to ‘take back’ the Democratic Party and make it an instrument that represents the interests of ordinary people rather than Wall Street. This is the argument of Bernie Sanders and his Our Revolution group, as well as the dominant elements in the Democratic Socialists of America.
Given the divisions that have opened up in the Democratic Party due to its incredible failure to defeat the odious Trump, it is understandable why many would be attracted to this perspective. More than at any time in the past 40 years, the neoliberal leadership of the party is on the defensive. The position of Sanders and Senator Elizabeth Warren has been strengthened. Democratic Senate Minority leader Chuck Schumer has even responded to growing demands for change by backing the candidacy of Congressional Progressive Caucus co-chair Keith Ellison to lead the Democratic National Committee, and by giving long-time independent Sanders a junior role in the party leadership.
At the same time, the dominant wing of the party is pushing back hard against any idea of drawing lessons or responding to the massive anger at corporate politics. Labour secretary Tom Perez has been brought in as a safe establishment alternative to Ellison, and could become the new favourite. If Ellison is defeated, all three of the key leading positions in the party will continue to be filled by establishment Democrats.
The question of the character of the Democratic Party was sharply posed by Sanders’ historic campaign last year, which was met by ferocious resistance. Forty Democratic senators opposed Sanders, while only one endorsed him. The lengths to which party leaders were prepared to go to stop Sanders’ pro-working-class campaign was revealed by Wikileaks.
Socialist Alternative (US co-thinkers of the Socialist Party) believes in the unity of the widest possible forces in common action against Trump’s attacks. But we strongly disagree with the view that the corporate Democratic Party can be turned into an instrument for working people. There is a mistaken idea promoted by some on the left that the Democrats once represented the interests of working people. This was never the case. The progressive policies often attributed to leaders like Franklin D Roosevelt and Lyndon B Johnson were, in fact, concessions to the demands of powerful labour and social movements.
FDR famously defended his New Deal policies to business leaders as necessary to forestall greater rebellions by workers, saying he was "the greatest friend American capitalism ever had". LBJ, concerned about the growing revolt, bent to the enormous pressures of the Civil Rights movement. It is true, of course, that the party moved further to the right in the 1980s and 1990s, reflecting capitalism’s shift to neoliberal policies in order to restore corporate profitability.
The Democratic Party is tied by a thousand threads to big business and Wall Street. While many reason that reforming it is easier than launching a new party, the opposite is true. The Democrats’ existing structures will be used as weapons against Our Revolution and other progressive reformers, as was already on display during the elections. To even have a chance at seriously challenging the Democratic leadership, Our Revolution, and groups like it, would need to have a grassroots activist character, with local groups and democratic decision-making instead of the current top-down model. But this would actually point toward the outline of a new party.
As Sanders correctly said in the debates, you cannot serve the interests of both Wall Street and working people. A party that stands for the 99% must advance a bold anti-corporate, working-class agenda and be prepared to welcome the contempt of the billionaire class. It would need to require its elected representatives to refuse all corporate donations and accept only the average income of their constituents, like socialist council member, Kshama Sawant, in Seattle. Most Democratic elected officials would choose to leave the party rather than accept this situation.
This is why we will continue to argue for a new party of the 99%. While there is no doubt that many good people will fight to reform the Democratic Party, its corrupt leadership will block any and all such attempts, in order to defend the interests of their big business allies. This will lead the best workers and activists to see the need for their own party, independent of all corporate cash and influence.
Calvin Priest, Socialist Alternative